17 April 2008
Dhanusha , Nepal
Journalist threatened to be killed
Nimesh Karna, news coordinator of Janaki FM, broadcasting from Janakpur was threatened to be killed by the nephew of Bimalendra Nidhi, a Nepali Congress Candidate for Constituent Assembly (CA) election on 17 April at Janakpur a district headquarter of Dhanusha, a central region of Nepal.
Nidhi's nephew threatens him for the news disseminated in Janaki FM on 11 April, informed Ashok Rauniyar president Federation of Nepali Journalists (FNJ), Dhanusa chapter. Rauniyar said that Karna had disseminated news with voices of the major political parties' candidate like CPN-UML, Madeshi People Right Forum, Terai Madesh Loktantric Party, Rastriya Prajatantra Party and other independent candidates denying the vote counting at Dhanusa -3. Nidhi's nephew threaten him saying that why he disseminated news against Nidhi.
Later, vote counting was resumed and Nidhi is now elected from that constituency.
Denouncing the incident FNJ said that it is direct attack on press freedom and people's right to information. Federation strongly urged for the serious and responsible behavior from all political parties for the safety of journalists and to safeguard the role of media.
Pradeep Kaphle

International Media Mission-Nepal Election Monitoring Mission

The International Press Freedom and Freedom of Expression Mission to Nepal congratulates Nepali journalists for their coverage of the campaign and the historic election held on April 10. Their scrutiny of the process and coverage was one critical factor contributing to a mostly peaceful election day. The Mission also congratulates its partner, the Federation of Nepali Journalists, for providing the leadership in creating a climate conducive for media work throughout the process.

The following is the joint statement of the FNJ and the International Media Mission to Nepal:

While congratulating the role of Nepali journalists for their coverage of the electoral process, we are deeply concerned about the frequent violations of media freedom and freedom of expression that occurred in the run-up and during the process, particularly in the campaign period.

We emphasize the need for continued vigilance on issues of media freedom in the ongoing vote count, the formation of the new government and during the constitution-writing process in the newly-elected Constituent Assembly. The FNJ and IMM recommend that these issues be recognised by all stakeholders and observers committed to facilitating a successful democratic transition in Nepal.

From January 01 2008, the FNJ monitored media safety violations and attempts to restrict the free flow of information through its local chapters in 70 of 75 districts. Starting April 8th, three joint FNJ-IMM teams were in the field for monitoring, to provide assistance and for rapid response in three of Nepal’s five development regions. On election day, the FNJ  deployed four regional monitoring teams and had a rapid reaction team on standby in Kathmandu for dealing with serious violations.

The campaign period was marked by 61 instances of violations of media rights, including access to information and attacks on journalists.. The FNJ identified

20 cases of physical attacks

12 cases of threats and intimidation

            21 cases of violations of freedom of information

              8 cases of attacks on media houses or media vehicles

Particular incidents that restricted the free flow of information in the campaign and election period, highlighted by the FNJ and IMM-N, include the following:

Bandhs or localised general strikes particularly in the southern Madhesh areas which limited  physical movement, and threatened journalists and citizen safety;

Localised difficulties in obtaining press and vehicle passes restricted access for several journalists, limiting their capacity to report;

One localised incident involving seizure of journalist documentation; and,

One localised incident in which security and administration officials refused to divulge crucial information on the killings that took place in Dang on April 09, when that information was urgently required in the public interest

It is regrettable that some political parties and their supporters tried to restrict the flow of information and threatened the well-being of journalists during the campaign. Such behaviour could threaten Nepal’s transition to democracy and peace in the post-election period. However, we commend the political parties for their moderation on election day.

Although Nepal’s media has made a strong positive contribution to the election process, we also emphasise the fact that many long-term structural issues continue to limit the potential of the media’s role. These include a lack of broad-based skills development in many areas; intimidation and threats creating insecure environments and encouraging self-censorship in some locations; and a lack of regulatory reform guaranteeing freedom of expression and public service media, including the reform of the state media. The FNJ and the IMM-N urge all national and international civil society and government stakeholders to pay close attention to these requirements. This includes the urgent need for the upcoming new government and the Constituent Assembly to prioritise freedom and freedom of expression issues in their respective deliberations.

The FNJ and IMM-N mandate focuses on media freedom and media safety issues during the election process. However it is self-evident that the quality of media election coverage during this process also requires detailed informed debate and review. We call on the Election Commission and the Press Council to release the results of their comprehensive election media monitoring project because of both overwhelming public interest and to inform media development initiatives in particular.

The FNJ and IMM congratulate the people of Nepal on their successful and courageous participation in the April 10th vote. We also call on all political parties to ensure that the next steps in the political process are open, democratic and transparent.

The FNJ and IMM will issue a full report on the media monitoring project  after the election process comes to an end.

The Federation of Nepalese Journalists is an association of some eight thousand journalists in Nepal. The International Media Freedom Monitoring Mission is a collaboration of international media advocacy and media development organisations, and is coordinated and facilitated by International Media Support.

The following organizations are members of the ‘International Media Mission -Nepal’ for the election:

International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
International Media Support (IMS)
International News Safety Institute (INSI)
International Press Institute (IPI)
Reporters sans Frontières (RSF)

IMS contact:
Harold Ryan

Mission coordinator
International Media Support

Nørregade 20, 2nd Fl.
Dk -1135 Copenhagen K

Office:  +45 8832 7010

Mobile: +45 2645 6563